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航行体高速入水降载方法研究综述

郑伟 李强 范旭东 吕续舰

郑伟, 李强, 范旭东, 等. 航行体高速入水降载方法研究综述[J]. 水下无人系统学报, xxxx, x(x): x-xx doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0029
引用本文: 郑伟, 李强, 范旭东, 等. 航行体高速入水降载方法研究综述[J]. 水下无人系统学报, xxxx, x(x): x-xx doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0029
ZHENG Wei, LI Qiang, FAN Xudong, LYU xujian. A review of research on the load reduction methods for high-speed water entry of vehicle[J]. Journal of Unmanned Undersea Systems. doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0029
Citation: ZHENG Wei, LI Qiang, FAN Xudong, LYU xujian. A review of research on the load reduction methods for high-speed water entry of vehicle[J]. Journal of Unmanned Undersea Systems. doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0029

航行体高速入水降载方法研究综述

doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0029
详细信息
    作者简介:

    郑伟:郑 伟(1987- ), 男, 博士, 高工, 主要研究方向为飞行器总体设计

    通讯作者:

    吕续舰(1984-), 男, 副教授, 主要研究方向为高速跨介质入水.

  • 中图分类号: TJ630.1; U674

A review of research on the load reduction methods for high-speed water entry of vehicle

  • 摘要: 航行体高速跨介质入水过程涉及多相流与物体间复杂的流固耦合作用, 航行体面临瞬态冲击载荷极易发生结构损坏。本文围绕高速跨介质航行体入水冲击问题展开了简要叙述, 重点论述了跨介质航行体主被动降载及其他降载方法的研究现状。总结了常见降载方法的优劣, 并阐明了高速跨介质航行体入水降载研究的重点发展方向, 以期为航行体高速跨介质入水载荷特性和降载分析方法的进一步研究提供参考。

     

  • 图  1  航行体高速入水隐患[1]

    Figure  1.  Hidden dangers of high-speed water entry for navigation bodies

    图  2  典型航行体入水冲击载荷特征

    Figure  2.  Characteristics of Impact Load on Typical Navigation Bodies Entering Water

    图  3  尾拍运动[4]

    Figure  3.  Tail slap during water-entry

    图  4  跨介质入水尾拍作用导致航行体的弯曲折断过程[11]

    Figure  4.  The process of bending and breaking the navigational body due to the cross-medium inflow wake effect

    图  5  导弹和空投鱼雷工作示意图

    Figure  5.  Schematic diagram of missiles and airdropped torpedoes

    图  6  收口状态降落伞流固耦合仿真计算充气外形[18]

    Figure  6.  Fluid structure coupling simulation calculation of inflatable shape for parachute in closed state

    图  7  航行体开伞减速入水被拦截

    Figure  7.  A vehicle is intercepted as it decelerates into the water

    图  8  航行体喷气协助入水[20]

    Figure  8.  Jet assisted water entry for Vehicle

    图  9  不同喷气量下冲击压力对比[27]

    Figure  9.  Comparison of impact pressure under different jet volumes

    图  10  气囊装置在实际工程中的应用

    Figure  10.  The application of airbag devices in practical engineering

    图  11  带气囊航行体倾斜落水-上浮过程[32]

    Figure  11.  The process of inclined descent and ascent of a vehicle with airbags

    图  12  带气囊回转体入水试验[34]

    Figure  12.  Water-entry experiment of a cylinder with airbag

    图  13  典型缓冲头帽结构示意图[35]

    Figure  13.  Schematic diagram of typical buffer head cap structure

    图  14  缓冲装置破碎示意图[46]

    Figure  14.  Schematic diagram of buffer device crushing

    图  15  缓冲头帽变形失效过程示意图[47]

    Figure  15.  Schematic diagram of deformation and failure process of buffer head cap

    图  16  不同表面润湿性球体入水对比[52]

    Figure  16.  Comparison of entry of spheres with different surface wettability into water

    图  17  超空泡鱼雷示意图[52]

    Figure  17.  Schematic diagram of supercavitating torpedoes

    图  18  跨介质航行体入水的空泡发展过程[56]

    Figure  18.  Water-entry cavity development of the trans-media vehicle

    图  19  不同头型产生的超空泡形态[63]

    Figure  19.  Supervoid morphology generated by different head shapes

    图  20  鸟类入水过程[72]

    Figure  20.  The process of birds entering water

    图  21  装备弹性缓冲器射弹模型[78]

    Figure  21.  Equipment elastic buffer projectile model

    图  22  球体串联入水试验[84]

    Figure  22.  Water entry experiments with tandem spheres

    图  23  多级降载装置降载机理示意图[85]

    Figure  23.  Mechanism of multi-stage load reduction structure

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  • 收稿日期:  2024-02-20
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-13
  • 录用日期:  2024-05-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-05-29

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