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一种面向任务的海空跨域网络路由协议

张皓波 王彪 韩兆越

张皓波, 王彪, 韩兆越. 一种面向任务的海空跨域网络路由协议[J]. 水下无人系统学报, xxxx, x(x): x-xx doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0015
引用本文: 张皓波, 王彪, 韩兆越. 一种面向任务的海空跨域网络路由协议[J]. 水下无人系统学报, xxxx, x(x): x-xx doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0015
ZHANG Haobo, WANG Biao, HAN Zhaoyue. A Task-Oriented Routing Protocol for Sea-Air Cross-Domain Networks[J]. Journal of Unmanned Undersea Systems. doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0015
Citation: ZHANG Haobo, WANG Biao, HAN Zhaoyue. A Task-Oriented Routing Protocol for Sea-Air Cross-Domain Networks[J]. Journal of Unmanned Undersea Systems. doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0015

一种面向任务的海空跨域网络路由协议

doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2024-0015
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目资助(52071164).
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张皓波(1998-), 男, 在读硕士, 主要研究方向为水下传感器网络

  • 中图分类号: TJ630

A Task-Oriented Routing Protocol for Sea-Air Cross-Domain Networks

  • 摘要: 随着海洋和空中作业的日益增多, 海空跨域网络成为了实现有效通信的关键技术。这类网络由水下子网和水上子网构成, 为了充分利用资源, 多种不同的应用程序将共享相同的物理设施。在这种场景下, 不同的数据包共存于同一网络中, 需要差异化的传送策略来满足应用需求。然而, 现有的路由协议往往无法根据应用需求来提供个性化的服务, 针对该问题, 文中提出了一种面向任务的海空跨域网络路由协议, 协议根据任务类型的不同调整转发因子的计算方式, 进而根据为特定的任务类型选择最合适的下一跳节点。此外, 文中还在协议栈中增加了预处理层来完成异构网络之间的通信。文中使用NS3(Network Simulator 3)进行了仿真, 仿真结果表明, 与其他典型的协议相比, 文中所提的协议总是能根据任务的特定需求实现最优的传输策略。

     

  • 图  1  海空跨域网络场景图

    Figure  1.  The scenario diagram of SACD

    图  2  海空跨域网络结构图

    Figure  2.  The architecture diagram of SACD

    图  3  预处理层工作原理图

    Figure  3.  Working principle diagram of preprocessing layer

    图  4  节点数对平均端到端时延的影响

    Figure  4.  Influence of node number on the average end-to-end delay

    图  5  流速对平均端到端时延的影响

    Figure  5.  Influence of velocity on the average end-to-end delay

    图  6  节点数对总能耗的影响

    Figure  6.  Influence of node number on the energy consumption

    图  7  流速对总能耗的影响

    Figure  7.  Influence of velocity on the energy consumption

    图  8  节点数对网络寿命的影响

    Figure  8.  Influence of node number on the network lifetime

    图  9  水面流速对网络寿命的影响

    Figure  9.  Influence of velocity on the network lifetime

    表  1  仿真参数设置

    Table  1.   Simulation parameter settings

    参数
    部署区域 ${\text{1}}{\text{.5}} \times {\text{1}}{\text{.5}} \times {\text{1}}{\text{.5}}\;{{\mathrm{km}}^3}$
    水下源节点数目 1
    水下中继节点数目 100-500
    浮标节点数目 5
    无人机节点数目 5
    数据负载 50 Byte
    数据包发送间隔 40 s
    能量模型 ns3::AquaSimEnergyModel
    噪声模型 ns3::AquaSimConstNoiseGen
    水上Mac ns3:: AdhocWifiMac
    水下Mac ns3::AquaSimBroadcastMac
    水上物理层模型 ns3::YansWifiPhy
    水下物理层模型 ns3::AquaSimPhyCmn
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2024-02-13
  • 修回日期:  2024-04-09
  • 录用日期:  2024-04-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-06-06

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