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美军水下特种作战装备的发展现状及趋势分析

张志伟 方泽江 何润民 赵琪 朱兆彤

张志伟, 方泽江, 何润民, 等. 美军水下特种作战装备的发展现状及趋势分析[J]. 水下无人系统学报, xxxx, x(x): x-xx doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0166
引用本文: 张志伟, 方泽江, 何润民, 等. 美军水下特种作战装备的发展现状及趋势分析[J]. 水下无人系统学报, xxxx, x(x): x-xx doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0166
ZHANG Zhiwei, FANG Zejiang, HE Runmin, ZHAO Qi, ZHU Zhaotong. Analysis of the Development Status and Trend of U.S. for Underwater Special Operations Equipment[J]. Journal of Unmanned Undersea Systems. doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0166
Citation: ZHANG Zhiwei, FANG Zejiang, HE Runmin, ZHAO Qi, ZHU Zhaotong. Analysis of the Development Status and Trend of U.S. for Underwater Special Operations Equipment[J]. Journal of Unmanned Undersea Systems. doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0166

美军水下特种作战装备的发展现状及趋势分析

doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0166
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张志伟(1996-), 男, 硕士, 助理工程师, 主要研究方向为水面及水下航行器流动性能分析

  • 中图分类号: U674.76;TJ6

Analysis of the Development Status and Trend of U.S. for Underwater Special Operations Equipment

  • 摘要: 近年来, 随着以美国为首的西方国家将战略重点由远洋转向近海, 近海的浅水水域成为各国的攻防重点, 配合着有人与无人协同的分布式作战背景, 水下特种作战平台开始扮演着愈发重要的角色。文中以美国2024财年最新的国防科研和采购预算为基础, 重点论述了水下系统项目中湿式蛙人输送艇(SDV)、干式蛙人输送艇(DCS)、干式甲板换乘仓(DDS)、作战潜水装备(CBDIV)、水下舟艇任务装备(UCME)及小型水下无人航行器(SUUV)等水下特战装备的发展现状和研究趋势, 旨在为今后的水下特种装备研究提供有益参考。

     

  • 图  1  2022—2028财年美军水下特战项目科研预算曲线图

    Figure  1.  2022—2028 fiscal year research budget curve for US underwater special operations projects

    图  2  2022—2028财年美军水下系统项目各预算曲线图

    Figure  2.  Budget curves for US underwater systems projects for fiscal years 2022—2028

    图  3  MK 11运载器外形结构示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of the external structure of the MK 11 delivery vehicle

    图  4  MK 11运载器实物图

    Figure  4.  Physical view of MK 11 delivery vehicle

    图  5  Shadow Seal运载器结构示意图

    Figure  5.  Schematic diagram of the structure of the Shadow Seal delivery vehicle

    图  6  Shadow Seal运载器实物图

    Figure  6.  Physical image of Shadow Seal delivery vehicle

    图  7  搭载于潜艇上的ASDS

    Figure  7.  The ASDS mounted on a submarine

    图  8  UOES3输送艇实物图

    Figure  8.  Physical diagram of UOES3 delivery boat

    图  9  UOES3输送艇的前舱口内部示意图

    Figure  9.  Internal schematic diagram of the front hatch of UOES3 delivery boat

    图  10  安装于潜艇背部的DDS

    Figure  10.  The DDS installed on the back of the submarine

    图  11  REMUS-300外形示意图

    Figure  11.  Outline diagram of REMUS-300

    表  1  2022—2024财年美军水下特战项目科研经费预算表(单位: 万美元)

    Table  1.   Budget Table for Research Funds of US Underwater Special Operations Projects for the 2022—2024 Fiscal Year (Unit: Ten thousand dollars)

    202220232024
    水下系统项目4299.78830.912467.2
    水面舰艇项目1734.82433.63355.9
    现总统总预算6034.511264.515823.1
    前总统总预算6263.08264.513673.1
    总调整额−228.53000.02150.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2022—2024财年美军水下系统项目科研经费预算详细表(单位: 万美元)

    Table  2.   Detailed Budget Table for Research Funds of US Underwater Systems Projects for the 2022—2024 Fiscal Year (Unit: Ten thousand dollars)

    项目202220232024
    SDV320.4107.0109.2
    DCS620.9434.9379.4
    DDS140.5308.11242.3
    CBDIV290.5324.9461.7
    UCME1648.51271.11756.7
    SUUV92.9
    CCL226.7
    机密项目
    (含国会补充)
    1186.06384.98291.2
    合计4299.78830.912467.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2022—2024财年美军水下系统项目采购经费预算详细表(单位: 万美元)

    Table  3.   Detailed budget table for the procurement of US underwater systems projects for the fiscal year 2022—2024 (Unit: Ten thousand dollars)

    项目202220232024
    SDV526.91241.41263.5
    DCS424.41421.72469.9
    DDS1043.8673.5798.6
    CBDIV837.61752.01440.3
    SUUV174.5638.8
    合计2832.75263.16611.1
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-12-20
  • 修回日期:  2024-02-03
  • 录用日期:  2024-03-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-06-07

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