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水下声学滑翔器探测通信系统近海试验研究

田德艳 张小川 张文清 孙芹东 王超

田德艳, 张小川, 张文清, 等. 水下声学滑翔器探测通信系统近海试验研究[J]. 水下无人系统学报, 2024, 32(1): 1-8 doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0020
引用本文: 田德艳, 张小川, 张文清, 等. 水下声学滑翔器探测通信系统近海试验研究[J]. 水下无人系统学报, 2024, 32(1): 1-8 doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0020
TIAN Deyan, ZHANG Xiaochuan, ZHANG Wenqing, SUN Qindong, WANG Chao. Offshore Experimental Study on Detection and Communication System of Underwater Acoustic Glider[J]. Journal of Unmanned Undersea Systems. doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0020
Citation: TIAN Deyan, ZHANG Xiaochuan, ZHANG Wenqing, SUN Qindong, WANG Chao. Offshore Experimental Study on Detection and Communication System of Underwater Acoustic Glider[J]. Journal of Unmanned Undersea Systems. doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0020

水下声学滑翔器探测通信系统近海试验研究

doi: 10.11993/j.issn.2096-3920.2023-0020
基金项目: ****项目资助(******-***).
详细信息
    作者简介:

    田德艳(1989-), 女, 硕士, 工程师, 主要研究方向为水声通信技术

  • 中图分类号: TJ630.34;U674

Offshore Experimental Study on Detection and Communication System of Underwater Acoustic Glider

  • 摘要: 针对水下声学滑翔器在水下执行观探测任务过程中, 需等待当前剖面滑翔结束上浮至水面进行信息交互, 无法实时回传数据信息的问题。文中提出一种水下声学滑翔器探测通信系统, 利用水声通信技术将水下声学滑翔器探测的数据信息发送给水面波浪能滑翔器, 其作为通信中继可将数据信息透明转发至岸基中心, 从而实现近似实时的探测通信数据传输。文中介绍了水下声学滑翔器探测通信系统结构组成和信息传输链路, 着重介绍了水下声学滑翔器的探测通信青岛外海试验情况, 并对试验数据进行处理分析。试验验证了水下声学滑翔器探测通信系统的正确性和可行性, 为后续国内水下无人平台集群协作及编队组网应用提供参考。

     

  • 图  1  探测通信系统结构示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of system structure

    图  2  集水声通信单元水下端的水下声学滑翔器

    Figure  2.  Underwater glider with integrated communication machine

    图  3  集成水声通信单元水面端的波浪能滑翔器

    Figure  3.  Physical photos of the water surface system

    图  4  系统信息交互流程图

    Figure  4.  Flow chart of system information interaction

    图  5  试验海域

    Figure  5.  Test area

    图  6  滑翔器布放过程图

    Figure  6.  The deployment process of glider

    图  7  波浪能滑翔器主控连接声通机

    Figure  7.  Wave glider main control connected with sound machine

    图  8  UW350声源布放过程

    Figure  8.  Sound source deployment process

    图  9  试验测试流程

    Figure  9.  Test procedure

    图  10  试验海域声速剖面及600m通信本征声线传播

    Figure  10.  The sound velocity profile of the test sea area and the intrinsic sound ray propagation of 600m communication

    图  11  水下声学滑翔器与试验船航迹位置

    Figure  11.  Underwater acoustic glider and test ship track position

    图  12  水下声学滑翔器发送端与岸基中心接收数据传输时延差和传输方位角差

    Figure  12.  Comparison of data received by the underwater end of the glider and the shore control center

    图  13  水下滑翔器姿态信息

    Figure  13.  The attitude information of Underwater glider

    表  1  水下声学滑翔器发送端与岸基中心接收数据对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of data received by the underwater end of the glider and the shore control center

    水下声学滑翔器发送端岸基中心接收端传输延迟差/min
    发送时间/月日时分秒声源方位角/(°)接收时间/月日时分秒声源方位角/(°)
    0704090145342.3507040904342.3503
    0704090300337.1607040905337.1552
    0704090554323.2907040920323.29214
    0704113638138.7407041154138.73618
    0704122212231.7207041224231.7242
    0704122852187.8507041233187.8505
    0704122456210.5307041234210.53310
    0704123327146.9507041236146.9503
    0704123327146.9507041236146.9503
    0704124148103.2907041246103.2935
    0704124148103.2907041246103.2935
    070412483055.130704125355.13335
    07041301195.62070413025.615381
    0704131550320.4507041319320.4554
    0704132731287.0307041334287.0367
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-06
  • 修回日期:  2023-03-25
  • 录用日期:  2023-05-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-11

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